Tuesday, September 1, 2015

Real History #3: The Rise and Fall of a Prairie Town: Napinka, Manitoba

Last Monday, August 24, 2015, my grandmother, Gladys Pearl Bugg, passed away. A kind, remarkable, woman fell asleep one last time. Born in 1931, married in 1951, and had five children, 10 grandchildren, 10 great-grandchildren, innumerable friends, and many fond memories.

In memory of her, I've decided to post this article, one I worked on for a local heritage group for a future history book, about the small town where our family grew up around, Napinka, Manitoba, Canada.

Note: unless otherwise stated, all the towns mentioned in this article are in Manitoba. Promise!
I really, really, really wish I had a better program for making maps. All that empty Northern space to point out, yes, this is Manitoba...

The story of Napinka is one tied very closely to that of the railroads in a way that no one alive today can fully comprehend to this day of the car and airplane. Napinka seemed destined for a time to become the most important town in the region when the first settlers set up homes in 1881 and 1882 as the excitement of the railways grabbed hold of the country. It would take until July 1891 and years of broken promises and missed deadlines – even leading to the electoral defeat of a Member of the Manitoba Legislative Assembly (MLA) when he promised the railroad by 1888 – before the Canadian Pacific Railway did lay the tracks they promised to Napinka from Kemnay as part of the Estevan Subdivision, terminating in Estevan, Saskatchewan. A year later, the line from Deloraine had been finished to Napinka, much to the disappointment and anger of Melita, who sent a delegation to Winnipeg to argue for the junction of the rail lines in Melita to no avail.

The next sixty years where the heyday of Napinka. Trains came in every day from Brandon, Winnipeg, Estevan and the many small towns along the line. To service the trains, the CRP built a water tower pumped from behind a dam the railway built on the Souris River, with a ball on top that would let people see how much water was available. A coal dock, tool shop, round house (found to be too small when originally built) and bunkhouse were also built to serve the CPR in Napinka. The passengers and crew on the trips that stopped overnight in Napinka used the hotels and stores built along Railway Avenue. In 1892, an article in the Brandon Sun mentioned Napinka having “…two general stores, three hardware stores, two butcher shops, one flour and feed store, one watchmaker, two dressmakers, builders, coal and wood dealers, one elevator, two lumber yards, a drug store and a barber shop…” Boarding houses, two hotels including the infamous Leland and the Russell, two banks, a blacksmith, doctors, a laundry operated by a Chinese immigrant, a Massey-Harris dealership, and eventually, with the arrival of the automobile, two garages were also set up in Napinka after this article was written.

Main Street, Napinka. Though, it's not actually called "Main Street," it's Railway Avenue. Because the CPR loves pointing out how important they are.

A beautiful two story stone school house, built from 1897 to 1900 and constructed of stone hauled from south of the present Highway #3, is an example of the pride and feeling of prosperity that grabbed hold of Napinka. On May 28, 1908, Napinka was officially incorporated as a village, with a population of nearly 400.

Sports teams, social clubs, and women’s organizations were set up in these early days, bringing amusement and community to the inhabitants of the town. An open air skating and curling rink was built in 1896, while a newer curling facility was built in 1906, and curlers from Napinka achieved great success in bonspiels across Manitoba. Three churches, the Zion Methodist, Presbyterian, and Anglican churches were in Napinka at the turn of the century, though the Methodist and Presbyterian would unite to form the United Church in 1917, nine years before the United Church was formed nationally. The Napinka Women’s Institute was established in 1921 and a Red Cross branch was set up in 1941. The Faith Rebekah Lodge was set up in Napinka in 1947, while a Beef and Home-Ec 4-H club were only set up in the 1960s, along with the Napinka Explorers and a Canadian Girls in Training (C.G.I.T.) branch affiliated with some of the churches in town.

Out of the three churches, only this one is still standing... so I guess it wins the "Still Standing Prize?"

The ambitious residents, when the need for a baker became apparent, decided they wanted something grander and offered $5000 for someone to set up a gist mill, which was a sign of progress in small towns across Western Canada at the time. Although land was set-aside just outside of town, no gist mill was ever built.

Even during the hard years of the World Wars and the Great Depression, Napinka continued to thrive, mostly thanks to the railway. For a few years after the young men returned from Europe in 1945, things looked like they would continue. A new community hall that is still active to this day was built in 1946, while a skating rink was erected in 1953.

However, two incidents in the 1950s sounded the death knell of the town. On March 6, 1951, a fire destroyed the Russell Hotel and, possibly more importantly, it’s beer parlor, damaging business in the town. Even more devastating, the use of the Diesel engine in trains, and the rapid “dieselization” of the CPR fleet starting in 1957 lead to the end of the classic days of steam trains. Declining passenger and freight revenue on these same trains as the personal automobile and the grain truck took over previous duties that the train did so well resulted in many of the routes being suspended in the late 1950s and early 1960s. The water tower and coal dock were torn down in 1963, while the station remained just long enough to be used for filming in the 1985 NFB film Daughters of the Country – Part III, Places Not Our Own, but was moved soon after to a place near Shilo, and turned into a personal home.

Someday, I really, really, really want to get that train station back. If just so I can dress up and look at my pocket watch worriedly and shout at people.

Businesses that were long staples of Napinka began to disappear: the Blacksmith closed its doors in 1957, the two-story building being divided: the top half that was used as the church, school and dancing in the early years, was taken off and was sent to Virden, the bottom to be used as a cattle shed. The Co-op left in 1962, while the last butcher closed in 1961, the building being used as the Legion in Napinka for many years, until it was moved. The poolroom and barbershop where closed in 1962, with the building torn down 14 years later. Two elevators out four at the height of Napinka remain along the tracks, but were closed by 1984, and are currently owned by Tilbury Farms from Melita. The Village of Napinka itself voted itself out of existence on January 1, 1986, all duties being taken over by the Rural Municipality of Brenda. At this time, only 132 people called Napinka home. One of the last things the Village of Napinka did before it ended was install water and sewer lines for the village.

The school, long a source of pride, was also shut down. Though an addition had been built in 1959-60 that added more classrooms, a library and indoor plumbing, consolidation of the rural schools lead to the closing of the high school in 1968, and later the last elementary classes were ended in 1975 with all students being bused to Melita. The old stone building is now empty, while the newer addition was turned into the Drop-in-Center, providing a place for coffee in the mornings, a small library to serve the community, and for family and community events.

This is a very impressive building when you look at it up close. Take my word for it.
The skating rink fell down in 1996, and was never rebuilt; the curling club had ended in 1973, and it’s building torn down in 1977. Green’s Garage, the only business in Napinka to be held by the same family for it’s entire existence, finally closed its doors for good in the 1990s. The old two-story brick post office, formerly the Bank of Montreal when it was first built, was torn down in 2010, though for many years Bodkin’s Grocery Store was Napinka’s post office, but eventually it too closed in 1990 and now only a lonely row of community mailboxes is all that is needed. One of the last remnants of Napinka, an old Livery barn, was only taken down in 2013 and the Zion United Church was demolished a few weeks before this article was written in 2014. The Anglican Church had been purchased years before for personal use by a resident in Napinka.

The story of Napinka isn’t one that is unique: every small town in Western Canada has faced this problem of depopulation and a lack of purpose in the era of cars and airplanes. While some managed to survive, many others have died out and are now nothing more than tiny dots on a map. In a town that once held so much promise and ambition, Napinka still holds on to the past; the old fire hall with two horse drawn fire wagons can still be looked at, while the school house still stands on a beautiful lot of trees and flowers. Trains still rumble through Napinka, though they are now most likely carrying grain, coal and even oil. Though in the end this is a sad story, the memories of the glory days of the early twentieth century is still strong in the residents of the town who remember the magic of a steam train sliding in gracefully next to the station on a puff of white smoke and dozens of people disembarking to take in the charm and vitality of a small town with so much promise.

And if you don't mind the occasional train, being an hour away from the closest city, nothing but cows and canola as far as the eye can see, internet that isn't always reliable... you can always move here!

Throughout the early years of Napinka, the trains brought in some people that have since become famous;

-J. S. Woodsworth: First leader of federal Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF, later NDP, 1932-42), leader of Winnipeg General Strike 1919 - Methodist Minister in 1897.

-Seymour J. Farmer: Mayor of Winnipeg (1923-24), City Councillor (1928-29) Leader of Manitoba Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF, later NDP), MLA from 1922-1949 – C.P.R. clerk

-Poet and performer Pauline Johnson, c.1908


Sources: Brenda History Committee. Bridging Brenda Volume I. Altona, Manitoba; Friesen Printers, 1990. Page 286-293

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