The United Nations has been, in my opinion, a pretty good success, though without a spotless reccord. Wars have still happened since it was founded in 1945 in the aftermath of World War Two, and, despite all the conspiracy theories and sci-fi media in the past few decades, it’s nowhere close to becoming a one-world government. I promise. However it has greatly improved the standard of living for millions, saved millions more from disease, protected natural and national treasures, and has successfully averted a full scale war in the height of the Cold War with a mixture of diplomacy, sanctions and sternly worded ultimatums, and has sought to protect the tenuous peace of the many smaller conflicts that have broken out with blue helmeted peacekeepers around the world.
|What better way to say "I may be a solider, but I don't want to hurt anyone today" than a light blue helmet that makes you stick out?|
So, what if the UN never existed?
Point Of Divergence
The best point of divergence I can think of would be that after World War Two, the US Senate, in a last gasp of isolationism, votes down the UN, saying it’s just another ineffectual League of Nations (or, another point that is made today that it’s too powerful, taking away the powers and privileges of the nation to an international body). Without the US, other major powers such as the USSR, United Kingdom, France and China, the proposed Security Council, also back away. By 1947, the dream of the United Nations has failed.
|The Senate of the United States: Blocking anything and everything with a "Not American Enough" stance since 1788!|
In it’s place, I would see a pre-World War One “Powers” System come to the fore. At the very top would be the United States and the Soviet Union as the “superpowers.” Next on the list, nations like the United Kingdom, France, and China, later to be joined by Germany, and Japan, would be the “Great Powers,” the nations that possess a powerful economy and strong military capabilities, and could throw wrenches into whatever plan the superpowers hold, though they were completely overshadowed by the big leagues. After that, the Medium Powers: Turkey, Canada, Italy, Spain, Brazil, Iran, Egypt, Argentina, Australia, Indonesia (when independent), the Netherlands, Sweden, and others. These nations would be more diplomatically inclined, and either neutral in the Cold War, or supporting one side of the other. However, there would be no forum established for the Super, Great or Medium powers to work together, and most nations would only work with each other on a geographical or on specific interests.
This would establish a semi-balanced status-quo, at least for a while as the world rebuilt from the ruins of war. But I don’t think it would be as peaceful, or even as stable, as the world would have been with the UN. But, it would be very much a “might makes right” kind of world, where the bigger nations would be able to bully the smaller ones if need be, with not course of legal action to possibly be undertaken. It would be the late 19th and early 20th century all over, where the Great Powers of UK, Germany, France, Russia, Italy, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire made temporary alliances for one issue, then breaking them over another issue to make new ones.
|Honestly France, why do you want to do anything with the weird octopus people?|
With all the close calls of just the Cold War that were resolved with the aid of the United Nations, the biggest one would have been the Cuban Missile Crisis. So what if their was no UN for American Ambassador Adlai Stevenson to confront his Soviet counterpart Valerian Zorin with the big pictures of Soviet missile bases in Cuba for the world to see? What if there was no efforts by other nations via the UN to get the superpowers to work together?
Frankly, I think full-scale nuclear war would be the result, and all the fun counterfactual scenarios that would come after that.
|That said... FALLOUT 4!!!|
Even if there were no big war, without the UN there wouldn’t be the myriad of agencies that worked under the United Nations umbrella: the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Health Organization (WHO) and so many more with so many acronyms. All of these bodies have immeasurably improved the world, and without them, it’s hard to see how the world would even be close to the same. Not to mention the tradition of peacekeeping, first put into effect after the Suez Canal Crisis in 1956 after being promoted by Canadian Lester B. Pearson, would be non existent without the UN.
I will not deny that the United Nations has failed. In the past five years, the lack of action on the Syrian Civil War and the Ukraine Crisis have shown its flaws (though I blame Putin in Russia for not letting anything get done on the Security Council than a failure to act by the UN). However, I feel that the many positives of the United Nation far out ways the few failings.
|This not very well drawn MS Paint picture that might at one point have been a giraffe perfectly explains my feelings for the UN!|
After World War Two, the need for an international organization that could allow nations to stand up to those that threaten the peace was very real, after the failure of the League of Nations to stop Hitler, Mussolini, or Imperialist Japan. I feel that a body like the United Nations would have been founded eventually, with the aftermath of World War Two being the likely time. However, it wasn’t born fully developed: it took 11 years before Peacekeeping became a legitimate tool for the body. So many things could have changed, with maybe the eventual goal, somewhere down the line in an alternate universe, to an eventual one-world government.
Can’t be that bad, right?
|... Yeah, this is why I don't listen to any conspiracy theories. Especially on the internet.|
 I could go on about Pearson: served in World War One as a stretcher barrier before transferring to the Royal Air Force; became a diplomat; was the second Ambassador to the US (1944-1946); was nearly the first Secretary General of the UN; elected to the House of Commons in 1948; became Secretary of State of External Affairs (the modern Foreign Affairs Minister) and served between 1948-1957; won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 for his role in the Suez Canal Crisis; Leader of the Liberal Party of Canada in 1958; elected Prime Minister in 1963 until 1968; got a new flag for Canada in 1965; presided over the Centennial Celebrations in 1967; and finally retired in 1968, before passing away in 1972, a year after being appointed to the Order of Merit by Queen Elizabeth II. This really does not do justice to perhaps on of the greatest Canadians of all time.